As a result of this decision, all of our soldiers came home that day. But then they went to court. To make a long story short, Vela became the only soldier convicted for the killing. Sentenced to 10 years, he joined the so-called Leavenworth Ten, a nickname for a group of Iraq War veterans incarcerated for a variety of desperate, blurry, fog-of-war shootings. Listening to the procedural review of Evan's case, I am struck again by the ghastly surrealism of their plight -- the penalties the U.
Soldiers at Ukraine air base given choice to stay or go - BBC News
Meanwhile, literally thousands of incarcerated terrorists in Iraq and Afghanistan have been granted clemency or otherwise found their freedom. That includes Ali Musa Daqduq, a Hezbollah mastermind who confessed to kidnapping, torturing and killing five Americans soldiers in He was given his freedom in Iraq this month.
Stealing another glance at the Carnahans, I remember the flutters in the news in about a possible pardon for Evan from outgoing President George W. Then nothing. Which was unpardonable -- Bush, that is, for not pardoning Evan and the other soldiers, now prisoners, whom he'd sent to wage war with a straitjacket of rules for armor against an army without uniforms on a battlefield without lines. Memorial Day -- the day we mourn our war dead -- is coming. President Obama, give these men another chance at life.
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Washington Secrets. Saturday November 23, Ruth Bader Ginsburg hospitalized for chills and Saturday November 23, 'Menus to abuse power': Biden warns against A soldier's choice: Death or prison by Diana West. But no one went to court. Diana West. More Washington Examiner. Saturday November 23, Now that the public is finally getting around to acknowledging that Ukraine's government did insert itself in the election for the purpose of hurting President Trump's campaign, the national media are pretending that it didn't happen.
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The United States and Israel are facing this difficulty now. However, the data indicate obesity prevalence in the general adult population is two and a half times greater than in active duty military personnel The HRBS 12 results indicated one of every eight soldiers consumed the national daily recommended servings of fruits or vegetables. In response to these trends, the military placed greater emphasis on promoting healthy eating behaviours.
Guided by this instruction, military services established worksite health promotion programmes WHPP. In the non-military work environment, WHPP aim to protect and promote worker health, reduce health-related costs, and potentially improve worker health, well-being and productivity This instruction led to an Army-specific regulation that prioritized promoting healthy dietary habits as a focal area of support in WHPP Many WHPP focus primarily on knowledge dissemination and overlook key factors heavily influencing behavioural processes, such as the built environment This finding is not unique to military populations.
A systematic review of literature in tertiary education settings showed that single-intervention strategies aimed at food labelling and promotional materials for healthy foods were mildly successful in modifying diet behaviours However, when these educational interventions were coupled with an increase in healthy food availability and accessibility, dietary changes were more prevalent Other studies suggest that positive perceptions of access to healthy foods is highly correlated with dietary behaviour change 21 , Changing the physical environment to influence conscious and unconscious behaviours will consequently increase healthy behaviour 20 — Leading public health agencies such as the WHO, the Institute of Medicine, the International Obesity Task Force and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stress the need to incorporate the environment and policy in health programme planning to improve nutrition behaviours Although the significance of considering the environment in health promotion planning for the general population is understood, limited evidence is available in this area as it pertains to the military populations or the Army specifically.
Three battalion-sized units one combat support squadron, one combat sustainment support battalion and one infantry battalion , each comprising approximately — soldiers, participated in the WHPP and its evaluation activities see Fig. The participating combat support squadron and combat sustainment support battalion were cavalry and logistics units, respectively. Army leadership purposely selected these battalions because they were reflective of the three primary battalion types of the Army.
One of the objectives of the WHPP pilot was to evaluate the feasibility of Army-wide implementation, thus including units with different missions was critical to ensuring that the findings could apply across various Army unit types. In total, approximately demographically representative soldiers participated in the WHPP pilot Battalion-level senior leadership at each site selected soldiers to participate in focus groups.
Recruitment targets were set at a minimum of eighteen groups per site to allow for saturation of defined categories of interest among each represented soldier rank segment. Table 1 outlines the different rank groups and positions. Evaluators operationally defined each RE-AIM construct to steer the development of two primary focus group guides consisting of twelve to sixteen open-ended questions. If so, could you describe those changes? An appointed team of evaluators trained in qualitative data collection techniques and protocols two moderators, two note-takers and the lead project officer visited each WHPP site for one week between March and May Participants were provided information sheets describing the purpose of the focus groups and were informed their participation was voluntary.
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Evaluators conducted fifty-eight focus groups, lasting 60—90 min each. Facilitators and note-takers completed end-of-group summaries documenting group dynamics, emergent themes and key discussion areas. A contracted service transcribed audio files verbatim and redacted identifying information. The evaluation team reviewed transcripts for accuracy and completeness. The analysts then independently coded four randomly selected transcripts in tandem using NVivo to ensure inter-coder reliability and compare coding consistencies. Subsequent rounds of coding interspersed with debriefing sessions involving the evaluation team led to codebook refinements.
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Analysts conducted thematic explorations to determine themes related to the Army food environment. Within the effectiveness construct, analysts further explored recurring codes related to changes in nutrition behaviours. Specifically, for the groups in which participants indicated there were no changes in their nutrition behaviours i. Barriers were themed as environmental those factors external to an individual that impeded behaviour change and individual knowledge and attitudes unique to individuals that impeded change.
Within the environmental barriers, themes were identified based on two criteria: i the highest frequencies of recurring codes; and ii themes that were salient across demographics, installation and battalion type. Figure 3 illustrates the relationship between codes and the identified major themes related to the Army food environment. Individual barriers are not presented in the current paper. Major themes related to barriers in the Army food environment revealed by focus group discussions with active duty soldiers n at three US Army installations located in the continental USA, March—May Illustrative quotes within codes relevant to Army food environment barriers were extracted to support key themes.
As a result of recruitment efforts, soldiers participated in the focus groups. There were some differences in participant distribution across sites such that the infantry battalion unit had a larger amount of squad members compared with other battalion units. Demographic characteristics of the focus group participants; active duty soldiers n at three US Army installations located in the continental USA, March—May From the overall pilot programme evaluation, soldiers in about half of the focus groups reported positive changes in their nutrition knowledge and awareness.
Soldiers in approximately one-third of the groups reported making positive nutrition behaviour changes. However, soldiers in the majority of focus groups indicated that they made no positive nutrition behaviour changes and nearly two-thirds of groups reported barriers to nutrition behaviour change. Commonly identified barriers to nutrition behaviour change were associated with the community, organizational and consumer aspects of the local food environment.
Soldiers often portrayed their local food environment as grounds for their inability to make a nutrition behaviour change. Leaders and squad members alike identified multiple environmental conditions that were barriers to achieving optimal nutrition. Key themes identified as barriers to healthy eating within Army food environments, stratified by soldier rank, as revealed by focus group discussions with active duty soldiers n at three US Army installations located in the continental USA, March—May Across sites, leaders and squad members expressed challenges with nutrition behaviour change due to the perceived high expense of healthy foods or better cost value of less nutritious options.
The logistics battalion soldiers mentioned having difficulty with nutrition in relation to high food costs less frequently compared with the other battalions. Some soldiers do not receive a food allowance and are expected to eat in unit dining facilities DFAC. The DFAC provide meals at a fixed price. While they can eat somewhere else, they are not provided a subsistence allowance to offset the cost. Cavalry squad members described their struggle with affording healthy food options on a small budget or food allowance plan:. In those discussions, some soldiers expressed beliefs that the DFAC portioned nutritious foods in too small quantities.
An infantry squad leader gave an account of how food prices and portion sizes influenced his breakfast decisions:. Many other soldiers, particularly squad members, expressed their shared frustration with the small DFAC portion sizes:. Nearly all soldiers attested that the plethora of unhealthy food options on the installation was a barrier to nutrition behaviour change.
In many work environments, vending machines with unhealthy options seemed to be the only choice for food purchase. Infantry battalion and cavalry squadron units reported more barriers with food vending options on their installations than the logistics battalion unit.
Both soldier rank groups described the perceived unappealing aspects of food at the DFAC by stating the DFAC primarily served processed foods or prepared otherwise healthy foods in large amounts of grease:. An infantry squad member noted that the food selection,. The infantry squad member further explained that when food facilities are unavailable, soldiers are given pre-packaged, high-energy field rations,.
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